Our country's waste material recovery operation is our usual renewable resources, which has a history of more than 50 years. Since then, the profession of waste material in our country has officially announced its birth. At present, there are about 80,000 enterprises engaged in the recovery and utilization of renewable resources in China. More than 6,000 factories have been recovered and processed. About 200,000 sites were recovered. Employees have reached nearly ten million people. During this period, the vast majority of them are engaged in individual and private recycling, which accounts for 80% of the total recycling market.
First of all, I will give a brief introduction to the whole career. During the 11th Five-Year Plan period, the total amount of waste materials recovered was 400 million tons. The average annual recovery is about 80 million tons. The average annual increase rate is over 12%. The total value of recycling of primary scrap materials exceeds 650 billion people, with an average annual growth rate of more than 20%. During this period, scrap iron and steel scrap nonferrous metals have a larger import volume. The above-mentioned primary waste is about 130 million tons, with an average annual import of 24.5 million tons.
The average annual growth rate exceeded 20%. During this period, 45.3 million tons of scrap iron and steel were imported, which increased by more than 5% annually and 15% in the next three years. The annual growth rate of non-ferrous metals was 18% and that of waste plastics was 20%. The growth rate was very fast, especially during the 11th Five-Year Plan period. Especially from 2003 to 2005, especially this year, the growth rate will be very fast in the future. The second is the situation of domestic recovery and utilization. Regarding recovery, China's domestic recovery system is manifested as a multi-local vertical management.
In the mid-1980s, there were two major systems: the public-owned material system and the commercial group ownership acquisition system. There are also some spontaneous industrial enterprises that organize recovery subsidiary units themselves. But it does not occupy the mainstream. It can be said that the recovered network has spread all over the country. At that time, the withdrawal of occupation as a special occupation ceases to be handled. Requirements have special professional acceptance certificates and requirements with certain qualifications.
In the late 1980s, due to the transformation of the functions of the superior department in charge, the original recovery system gradually formed. With the opening of shopping malls and the influx of a large number of private enterprises, operating costs are relatively high, compared with low prices, power is also higher, these enterprises began to show. Multi-part vertical straight management system is the product of scheme economy. It has played an active and advancing role in developing waste material recovery system, saving resources and maintaining the environment, and preventing and controlling pollution.
However, for the use of recovered materials, as a different department and profession, there are many parts standing in the forest, each independent, which can neither constitute the overall planning advantages, nor form a useful use of resources and comprehensive maintenance. This is one of the features of the old system. The second is the direct or direct handling of municipal, environmental protection, sanitation, urban management and other administrative units involved in the recovery operation in urban areas, which includes the whole process of approval, surveillance, inspection and recovery or sub-processing. Many administrative units have established centralized management companies, such as environmental sanitation units and municipal urban management units.